All new home construction projects have certain State and Federal codes that must be followed. One of those codes outlines the requirements for how and where smoke and carbon monoxide detectors are installed in the home.
The code for smoke detectors states that “all smoke alarms shall be listed in accordance with UL 217 and installed in accordance with provisions of this code and the household fire warning equipment provisions of NFPA72.”
The household fire alarm system installed needs to provide the same level of smoke detection and alarms required by the State code. The smoke detector and audible notification device has to be installed as a permanent fixture of the house and in the following locations:
- In each sleeping room
- Outside each separate sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of the bedrooms
- One each additional story of the dwelling, including basements and habitable attics. This does not include crawl spaces and uninhabitable attics.
- In dwellings or dwelling units with split levels and without an intervening door between the adjacent levels, a smoke alarm installed on the upper level shall suffice for the adjacent lower level as long as the lower level is less than one full story below the upper level.
When more than one smoke alarm is required, the alarm devices are interconnected in such a manner that the actuation of one alarm will activate all of the alarms in the individual unit.
The code for carbon monoxide alarms in new construction states that in new construction, an approved carbon monoxide alarm is to be installed outside of each separate sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of the bedrooms in the dwelling units where fuel-fired appliances are installed and in dwelling units that have attached garages.
It’s important to make sure your contractor knows these requirements. Non-compliance will result in failed inspections and more expenses associated with building your home.